Author Guidelines

IJBE publishes original papers in English only except abstract (dual translation). Manuscripts should be submitted in the publication language with an electronic format (ms.words) via OJS. A manuscript will be reviewed by at least two reviewers with blind review method and will be considered for publication on the basis of originality contribution.

We recommend that manuscript should be thoroughly structured in order to ensure the clarity of the content as well as the essence of the approached topic.

Each manuscript must include a reference list containing only the quoted work and using the Mendeley or Zotero tool. Each entry should contain all the data needed for unambiguous identification. Essential to use APA style in article text and references.


The manuscripts should be typed in A4 (210mm x 297mm), with 12-point Times News Roman font (except for title, affiliation and references) and must be 1.0 line-spaced, except for indented quotations. The manuscript must be saved as a word file. All the pages, including tables, appendices, and references, should be serially numbered. Spell out numbers from one to ten, except when used in tables and lists, and when used with mathematical, statistical, scientific or technical units and quantities, such as distances, weights and measures. For example three days; 3 kilometers; 30 years. All other numbers are expressed numerically. Authors are encouraged to use the IJBE article template.


Please pay serious attention to the English version translation correctness.The manuscript must be written in good academic English. Spelling follows Webster’s International DictionaryTo ensure an anonymous review, the authors should not identify themselves directly or indirectly in their papers. A single author should not use the word “we”. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their papers checked by native english proofreader before submission.

Article Length

The article should be between 5000 and 9000 words. The allowable length of the manuscript is at the editor’s discretion; however, manuscripts with a length of less than or exceeding the specified word count may be returned to the author(s) for revision before the manuscript is considered by the editors. The word count excludes tables, figures, and references.

Title Page

Article Title

The title of the article should be specific and effective, and approximately 150 characters. Paper title should be typed in boldface, Times new roman font, and centred on the page (see our article template). Write an article title using simple and straightforward language that can offer readers a glimpse of the content with their first glance.

Author’s name and Affiliations

The authors’ names should be centred on the page. Directly under the authors’ names, place their affiliation(s), and email address for each author, centred on the page (see our article template). We also ask to add ORCID iDs, Scopus IDs or Google Scholar IDs, unique codes that identify the individual(s) who contributed to research. Where more than one author has contributed to the article, please provide detailed information for the corresponding author(s).


The abstract should stand alone, meaning that no citations are in the abstract. The abstract should concisely inform the reader of the manuscript’s purpose, its methods, its findings, and its value. The abstract should be relatively nontechnical, yet clear enough for an informed reader to understand the manuscript’s contribution. The manuscript’s title, but neither the author’s name nor other identification designations, should appear on the abstract page. An abstract, no more than 250 words, should be presented in English.


Keywords are an important part of writing an abstract. Authors should select a maximum of 5 (five) keywords that are specific and reflect what is essential about the article. Keywords should not repeat the title of the manuscript. Keywords and the article’s classification should be provided after the abstract.

Main Article

Manuscripts submitted to this journal should have the followimg main headings:


What is the purpose of the study? Why are you conducting the study? The main section of the article should start with an introductory section which provides more details about the paper’s purpose, motivation, research methods and findings. The introduction should be relatively nontechnical, yet clear enough for an informed reader to understand the manuscript’s contribution.

Literature Review

In this section, the author will discuss the purpose of a literature review.


This section typically has the following sub-sections: sampling (a description of the target population, the research context, and units of analysis; sampling; and respondents’ profiles); data collection; and measures (alternatively: measurement).


The author needs to report the results in sufficient detail so that the reader can see which stastical analysis was conducted and why, and later to justify their conclusions.

Reporting results: The author may assume that the reader has a working knowledge of basic statistics.


Different authors take different approaches when writing the discussion section. According to Feldman (2004), Perry et al. (2003), and Summers (2001), the discussion section should: 1) Restate the study’s main purpose; 2) reaffirm the importance of the study by restating its main contributions; 3) summarize the results in relation to each research objectives or hypothesis, without introducing new material; 4) relate the findings back to the literature and to the results reported by other researchers; 5) provide possible explanations for any unexpected or non-significant findings; 6) discuss the managerial implications of the study; 7) highlight the main limitations of the study that could influence its internal and external validity; 8) and discuss insightful (i.e., non-obvious) directions or opportunities for future research related to the topic.


In this section, the author presents brief conclusions from the results of research with suggestions for advanced researchers or general readers. A conclusion may cover the main points of the paper, but do not replicate the abstract in the conclusion.


Not only do authors write down the major flaws and limitations of their study, which can reduce the validity of the writing, thus raising questions from the readers (whether, or in what way), the limits in his studies may have affected the results and conclusions. Limitations require critical judgment and interpretation of the impact of their research. The author should provide the answer to the question: Is this a problem caused by an error, or in the method selected, or the validity, or otherwise?


In writing the article, the author(s) are required to use reference management tools (example: MendeleyEndNote, or Zotero) in writing the citation and list of references. Essential following reference format (in text & references) in APA format.


The author must provide high-quality artwork for all illustrations. Poor resolution or definition are not acceptable. Tables and Figures should be numbered separately. (Table 1, Table 2; Figure 1, Figure 2). Each table and each figure should be given a title along with the source (see our article template).